Queen Charlotte, Graham Island

Queen Charlotte, Graham Island

by | Jul 26, 2020

The village of Queen Charlotte is located on Skidegate Inlet, about 54 miles (87 km) south of Masset and 11 miles (18 km) west of Sandspit, British Columbia. The inlet is at the southern end of Graham Island, the largest island in the Haida Gwaii archipelago (formerly Queen Charlotte Islands).

Queen Charlotte was founded when the North American Timber Holding Company began a sawmill in 1908. This early sawmill ran until 1912. The operation of the sawmill and mining drew more settlers to the town and in August 1909 a hospital opened to serve the community. Three general stores, a drug and clothing store, two hotels, a pool hall, a boarding house, a barbershop, and the newspaper were all operational within a year. The first school classes were held in September 1909 in a room above the pool hall, and at the beginning of October, a new Methodist Church building was opened. Several of the buildings from these early times are still in use today. The sawmill was put into operation again towards the latter part of World War I to mill clear Sitka spruce for airplane lumber.

Mining and especially fishing were historically important sources of income in Queen Charlotte, and today many residents still work in these resource-based jobs, but the economy is gradually shifting towards more tourism-oriented employment. Learn more about Queen Charlotte here and here. Explore more of Queen Charlotte and Graham Island here:

About the background graphic

This ‘warming stripe’ graphic is a visual representation of the change in global temperature from 1850 (top) to 2021 (bottom). Each stripe represents the average global temperature for one year. The average temperature from 1971-2000 is set as the boundary between blue and red. The color scale goes from -0.7°C to +0.7°C. The data are from the UK Met Office HadCRUT4.6 dataset. 

Credit: Professor Ed Hawkins (University of Reading). Click here for more information about the #warmingstripes.

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