Knik Village, Knik Arm

Knik Village, Knik Arm

by | Feb 5, 2021

Knik was a historical Dena’ina community on the northwest shore of Knik Arm in Cook Inlet, about 18 miles (29 km) north-northeast of Anchorage and 13 miles (21 km) southwest of Wasilla, Alaska. The name is derived from the Dena’ina word for “fire” and was first listed by Ivan Petroff as “Kinik” in the 1880 U.S. Census. For millennia, this Dena’ina village relied on subsistence fishing and hunting, trapping, and bartering.

Between 1850 and 1880, journals kept by Russian priests described Knik as a group of semi-permanent camps. In 1889, Russian missionary Father Nikolai Mitropol’skii helped build St. Nicholas chapel which helped centralize the Knik village. In 1893, Vladimir Stafeev, the Russian trade agent at Tyonek, described Knik Station as having one Alaska Commercial Company trading post, one Caucasian trading agent, one Dena’ina interpreter, a handful of Indian residents, and only three permanent buildings. In the late 1890s, the discovery of gold brought thousands of prospectors to southcentral Alaska. Large steamships and schooners transported miners from Seattle to Prince William Sound, Resurrection Bay, and Cook Inlet. Seldovia was the only deepwater port for large ships in Cook Inlet, and hopeful miners would travel across the Kenai Peninsula to Sunset or Hope. Smaller schooners could travel farther north in Cook Inlet to Tyonek, where miners could buy or build a boat and venture to Knik, and from there on to the Susitna and Matanuska valleys. In 1911, the Federal Government opened a trail for mail delivery from Seward on Resurrection Bay to Nome. It was called the Iditarod Trail and it was used mainly by men traveling to and from gold country. The Iditarod trail, which went through Knik, brought money and employment to the town. On January 10, 1912, four Iditarod dog teams, carrying 2,900 pounds of gold bullion arrived at Knik. The news fueled gold fever even more, and soon the Iditarod trail was lined with prospectors heading north and dog teams pulling sleds of gold south.

By 1912, Alaska was a Territory and the U.S. Congress passed the Organic Act which resulted in plans to extend the railroad connecting Seward and Kern Creek to the Matanuska Susitna Valley with a branch going to the Matanuska coal fields. Almost immediately, teams of surveyors and clearing crews descended on Knik, building barns for horse teams, a storage building and a mess hall. All of this activity and the prospect of jobs fueled more growth for Knik, but in 1914, the railroad built a headquarters at Ship Creek. In January of 1916, tracks were completed between Anchorage and Peters Creek. Two months later, the rail reached the village of Eklutna and a right of way was cleared to the next railroad construction camp called Wasilla. The residents of Knik, which was at its population peak that year, realized that the new railroad route would bypass the town and some people moved to the Ship Creek tent city, the future site of Anchorage. On May 2, 1917, the railroad tracks reached Wasilla and quickly became the center for the supplies that gold miners and homesteaders required. Accepting the inevitable, in the summer of 1917, Knik residents started dismantling their buildings and shipping them to the new town of Anchorage by boat, or to the new town of Wasilla by horse and wagon. Only a few old-timers and one general store remained in Knik, and in 1917 the store burned to the ground and was never rebuilt. Read more here and here. Explore more of Knik here:

About the background graphic

This ‘warming stripe’ graphic is a visual representation of the change in global temperature from 1850 (top) to 2021 (bottom). Each stripe represents the average global temperature for one year. The average temperature from 1971-2000 is set as the boundary between blue and red. The color scale goes from -0.7°C to +0.7°C. The data are from the UK Met Office HadCRUT4.6 dataset. 

Credit: Professor Ed Hawkins (University of Reading). Click here for more information about the #warmingstripes.

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