Kiukpalik Island, Shelikof Strait

Kiukpalik Island, Shelikof Strait

by | Feb 26, 2021

Kiukpalik Island is 1.3 miles (2 km) long and 0.6 miles (1 km) wide, situated 2 miles (3.2 km) offshore from the Alaska Peninsula in Shelikof Strait, about 112 miles (181 km) east of King Salmon and 72 miles (116 km) northwest of Kodiak, Alaska. The island is part of Katmai National Park and Preserve. The Alutiiq name was transliterated in 1886 by the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey from “Ostrov Kayukhpalik”, the name originally published in 1852 by Captain Mikhail Tebenkov of the Imperial Russian Navy.

Fox farming began in Alaska in the late 1800s when Russian colonists explored new revenue opportunities. Following the U.S. purchase of Alaska in 1867, fox farming proliferated and 35 islands in southcentral and southeastern Alaska were being leased from the territorial government. But in 1903, fur prices began to bottom out and many islands were abandoned. They remained low until 1919 or 1920 when fur prices became attractive for fox farming to enter its “golden age”, and throughout the 1920s, Alaska supported several hundred fur farms. Most of these farms were on offshore islands because an island with no predators was the most cost effective environment to raise foxes. Katmai National Monument was created by presidential proclamation on September 24, 1918, and expanded in 1931. None of the offshore islands in Shelikof Strait were part of the original park to avoid conflicts with the potential exploitation of oil deposits. In 1940, several fox farmers based on coastal islands were caught poaching on the mainland. In 1941, to discourage more poaching in the park, the Interior Secretary recommended a five-mile boundary extension, which would include islands in Shelikof Strait, and this was approved by President Franklin Roosevelt on August 4, 1942. The boundary extension of the park, however, did not affect any of the existing island fox farms.

In 1922, John Brodtkorb established a blue fox farm near the northwestern shore of Kiukpalik Island. By 1924, he was living full time on the island, and in 1927 he had 100 blue foxes and $10,000 in improvements. He filed for a fur farming lease from the Bureau of Land Management, but two years later, he left the island. In 1936, Earl L. Butler, a Kodiak resident, resumed the operation; however, by 1941, economic opportunities related to the buildup for World War II had lured Butler to return to Kodiak Island where he was employed in construction work at the navy base. The fox farm on Kiukpalik Island was abandoned either during the war or shortly afterward. In 1953, there remained two residences, including a two-room cabin, three small structures for feed storage, and an enclosure. In 1985, the cabins are still standing, but by 1990, these structures had deteriorated and dense vegetation obscured many of the remaining features. Read more here and here. Explore more of Kiukpalik Island here:

About the background graphic

This ‘warming stripe’ graphic is a visual representation of the change in global temperature from 1850 (top) to 2021 (bottom). Each stripe represents the average global temperature for one year. The average temperature from 1971-2000 is set as the boundary between blue and red. The color scale goes from -0.7°C to +0.7°C. The data are from the UK Met Office HadCRUT4.6 dataset. 

Credit: Professor Ed Hawkins (University of Reading). Click here for more information about the #warmingstripes.

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