Cape Blanco juts out 1.5 miles (2.4 km) into the Pacific Ocean from the southern coast of Oregon and terminates in a large headland with cliffs 200 feet (61 m) high, about 205 miles (331 km) southwest of Portland and 7 miles (11 km) north-northwest of Port Orford, Oregon. The cape is the westernmost point of land in Oregon and part of Cape Blanco State Park.
The cape may have been named for its chalky white appearance by explorer Martín de Aguilar in 1603. In 1775, Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra named the point Cabo Diligensias. It was later renamed Cape Orford by Captain George Vancouver in 1792, but Cape Blanco became the more commonly used name.
A light was built here in 1870 to warn ships away from the reefs that extend from the cape, and to provide a position fix for navigators. The site was originally covered with a dense spruce forest that had to be cleared to make the light more visible. There were no roads, so the materials required to construct the lighthouse had to be landed at the cape through the surf, and bricks for the tower were fired in a kiln on site. Read more here and here. Explore more of Cape Blanco here: