Anacla, Pachena Bay

Anacla, Pachena Bay

by | Feb 10, 2019

The Huu-ay-aht First Nation village of Anacla is on the Pachena River at the head of Pachena Bay, about 186 miles (300 km) northwest of Victoria, British Columbia. Their lands include Barkley Sound, the entrance to Alberni Inlet, and the southwest coast of Vancouver Island. The lands and waters making up their traditional territories are called ḥahuułi (pronounced “ha-houlthee”).

Diseases brought by colonizers during the late 1700s and early 1800s killed nearly 90 percent of the Huu-ay-aht, and at one point they numbered less than 250 people. Today, the Huu-ay-aht number close to 750 and mostly reside around the village of Anacla, the Nation’s principal community close to Bamfield, as well as in Port Alberni, the closest major population center.

Aboriginal oral history tells of a devastating earthquake that convulsed the land. This is a story similar to those from First Nations along the West Coast of North America from Vancouver Island to northern California. Legends and artwork depict a life-and-death struggle between a thunderbird and a whale that caused the earth to shake violently and the seas to wash away people and homes. A massive earthquake is known to have occurred in 1700 along the Cascadia subduction zone with an estimated magnitude of 8.7–9.2. The megathrust earthquake involved the Juan de Fuca Plate from mid-Vancouver Island, south along the Pacific Northwest coast as far as northern California. The length of the fault rupture was about 620 miles (1,000 km), with an average slip of 66 feet (20 m). Read more here and here. Explore more of Pachena Bay here:

For all users:

For iPhone users:

About the background graphic

This ‘warming stripe’ graphic is a visual representation of the change in global temperature from 1850 (top) to 2019 (bottom). Each stripe represents the average global temperature for one year. The average temperature from 1971-2000 is set as the boundary between blue and red. The color scale goes from -0.7°C to +0.7°C. The data are from the UK Met Office HadCRUT4.6 dataset. 

Click here for more information about the #warmingstripes.

Please report any errors here

error: Content is protected !!