Vancouver, Burrard Inlet

Vancouver, Burrard Inlet

by | Feb 17, 2019

Vancouver is a coastal seaport located on Burrard Inlet, near the mouth of the Fraser River, on the Lower Mainland of British Columbia, Canada. The city is the most populous in the province, and has the highest population density in Canada, and is the fifth-most densely populated large city in North America. The city takes its name from Captain George Vancouver, who explored the inner harbor of Burrard Inlet in 1792.

Archaeological records indicate that aboriginal people were living in the area from 8,000 to 10,000 years ago. The city is located in the traditional territories of the Squamish, Musqueam, and Tseil-Waututh (Burrard) people of the Coast Salish tribes. The first Europeans to arrive in Burrard Inlet were led by the Spanish explorer José María Narváez in 1791, followed closely by Vancouver in 1792. In 1808, the North West Company trader Simon Fraser and his crew traveled down the Fraser River and became the first known Europeans to set foot on the site of the present-day city.

The first European settlement in what is now Vancouver was the McCleery Farm started in 1862 on the Fraser River, just east of the ancient village of Musqueam in what is now Marpole. A sawmill established at Moodyville in 1863, began the city’s long relationship with logging. It was quickly followed by mills owned by Captain Edward Stamp on the south shore of Burrard Inlet. The Hastings Mill became the nucleus around which Vancouver formed. The original settlement was named Gastown developed on clear cuts of the Hastings Mill property and centered around a makeshift tavern built in 1867. From that first enterprise, other stores and some hotels quickly appeared along the waterfront to the west. Gastown became formally laid out as a registered townsite dubbed Granville in 1870. This site, with its natural harbor, was selected in 1884 as the terminus for the Canadian Pacific Railway and was renamed “Vancouver”. Read more here and here. Explore more of Vancouver here:

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This ‘warming stripe’ graphic is a visual representation of the change in global temperature from 1850 (top) to 2019 (bottom). Each stripe represents the average global temperature for one year. The average temperature from 1971-2000 is set as the boundary between blue and red. The color scale goes from -0.7°C to +0.7°C. The data are from the UK Met Office HadCRUT4.6 dataset. 

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