Diomede Village, Little Diomede Island

Diomede Village, Little Diomede Island

by | Apr 25, 2020

Diomede is an Iñupiat community located on the west coast of Little Diomede Island, 60 miles (97 km) east-northeast of Lavrentiya, Russia, and 134 miles (216 km) northwest of Nome, Alaska. The native name for Diomede is Iŋaliq, meaning “the other one” or “the one over there”. The current location of the village may be at least 3,000 years old. It was originally a spring hunting site and early explorers from the west found an advanced culture with elaborate whale hunting ceremonies.

The two Diomede Islands lie in the Bering Strait, separating the Bering Sea from the Chukchi Sea, 25 miles (40 km) northwest of Cape Prince of Wales, at the west end of the Seward Peninsula. Big Diomede Island is in Russia and Little Diomede Island is in the U.S. These islands presumably were first discovered by the Danish explorer Vitus Bering, who was in the service of the Imperial Russian Navy, on August 16, 1728. He named the islands after Saint Diomede, for the day of discovery. They were later called “Gvozdev Islands” by the Russians for Michael Gvozdev, a surveyor who explored the Bering Strait in 1730. The international boundary between the U.S. and Russia passes between Big Diomede and Little Diomede Islands.

Little Diomede is the smaller of the two islands, and Big Diomede is less than 2.4 miles (3.9 km) away. The village of Diomede is the only settlement and the population in 2010 was 115. Big Diomede is uninhabited except for a Russian military installation. Read more here and here. Explore more of Diomede here:

About the background graphic

This ‘warming stripe’ graphic is a visual representation of the change in global temperature from 1850 (top) to 2021 (bottom). Each stripe represents the average global temperature for one year. The average temperature from 1971-2000 is set as the boundary between blue and red. The color scale goes from -0.7°C to +0.7°C. The data are from the UK Met Office HadCRUT4.6 dataset. 

Credit: Professor Ed Hawkins (University of Reading). Click here for more information about the #warmingstripes.

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