Manzanita Cove is located on Wales Passage separating Wales Island from Pearse Island along the northwest coast of British Columbia. It is within the asserted traditional territories of the Coast Tsimshian and the Kitsumkalum First Nations. The cove is about 12 miles (20 km) north of Lax Kw’alaams (Port Simpson), 28 miles (45 km) north of Metlakatla, and 31 miles (50 km) north of Prince Rupert.
The Manzanita Cove Conservancy was established as part of a government land-use plan for the North Coast. The conservancy protects the viewscape surrounding a historical point of interest centered on an 1896 U.S. Army Corp of Engineers stone house that dates from the United States-Canada boundary dispute in the late 19th century.
On August 17, 1896, Captain David duBose Gaillard received orders to build four masonry “storehouses” along Portland Canal at a time of tension between the U.S. and Canada over the exact location of the international border in the area. He traveled to Portland, Oregon, and requisitioned the lighthouse tender Manzanita. He hired 22 workers and with all supplies, except masonry, proceeded north to Portland Canal where four identical storehouses were built out of rubble rock. The border location was resolved by arbitration in 1903 resulting in Storehouse No. 1 on Manzanita Cove, Wales Island, and Storehouse No. 2 near Lizard Point, Pearse Island remaining in Canada. Storehouse No. 3, on Halibut Bay, and Storehouse No. 4, in Hyder, remained in the U.S. Captain Gaillard late became the U.S. Army engineer instrumental in the construction of the Panama Canal. Read more here and here. Explore more of Wales Passage here: