Porlier Pass separates Galiano and Valdes Islands in the Southern Gulf Islands of Georgia Strait, about 28 miles (45 km) southwest of Vancouver and 10 miles (16 km) east-northeast of Ladysmith, British Columbia.
Lincoln Rock and Lincoln Island are small islets in Clarence Strait in Southeast Alaska, about 63 miles (102 km) northwest of Ketchikan and 31 miles (50 km) southwest of Wrangell, Alaska.
Point Fermin is a headland in San Pedro, about 25 miles (40 km) southeast of Santa Monica and 7 miles (11 km) southwest of Long Beach, California.
The Islands of Race Rocks are located just off the southern tip of Vancouver Island, about 16 km (10 mi) southwest of Victoria, British Columbia. Race Rocks are named for the fast flowing tidal races that develop large waves and eddies. Because of the unusually strong currents, there is an exceptional variety of marine life, but this area is notoriously difficult and dangerous to navigate.
The first lighthouse established in British Columbia by the Canadian government was built in 1874 at Cape Beale on Barkley Sound.
Point Retreat is a headland on the north tip of Admiralty Island, on the Mansfield Peninsula in Lynn Canal, about 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Juneau, Alaska.
Pigeon Point is one of the most prominent headlands on the California coast south of the Golden Gate. It is about 5 miles (8 km) south of Pescadero, California, between Santa Cruz and San Francisco.
Cape Mendocino is the westernmost point on the Lost Coast, about 210 miles (338 km) northwest of San Francisco, and 28 miles (45 km) southwest of Eureka, California.
The Point Bonita Light is on the Marin Headlands at the entrance to the Golden Gate, 7 miles (11 km) west-northwest of San Francisco, and 4 miles (7 km) southwest of Sausalito, California.
North Head Lighthouse is an active aid to navigation overlooking the Pacific Ocean from a rocky promontory located north of Cape Disappointment and the mouth of the Columbia River, approximately 14 miles (23 km) northwest of Astoria and 2 miles (3.2 km) southwest of Ilwaco, Washington.
About the background graphic
This ‘warming stripe’ graphic is a visual representation of the change in global temperature from 1850 (top) to 2019 (bottom). Each stripe represents the average global temperature for one year. The average temperature from 1971-2000 is set as the boundary between blue and red. The colour scale goes from -0.7°C to +0.7°C. The data are from the UK Met Office HadCRUT4.6 dataset.
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