Cypress Point is the westernmost headland on the Monterey Peninsula, located 4.5 miles (7.3 km) southwest of Monterey and 3.5 miles (5.5 km) northwest of Carmel, California. The headland is owned by the Cypress Point Club, a private golf club and one of eight on the Monterey Peninsula. The golf course is well known for dramatic views of the Pacific Ocean.
The Monterey Peninsula is located on the central California coast and now includes the cities of Monterey, Carmel, Pacific Grove, and unincorporated areas of Monterey County including the resort and community of Pebble Beach. Monterey was founded in 1770 by missionary Junípero Serra and explorer Gaspar de Portolà. Portolà erected the Presidio of Monterey to defend the port against an expected Russian trading and settlement invasion. Monterey served as the capital of upper Las Californias and Alta California from 1777 to 1848, under the flags of Spain, independent Mexico, and the United States. The city was originally the only port of entry for taxable goods in California. All shipments into California by sea were required to go through the Custom House, the oldest government building in the state, and now a California’s Historic Landmark.
In the late 19th century the fishing industry became the area’s most profitable and important economic sector. Started mostly by Italian immigrants in Monterey and Chinese immigrants in Pacific Grove, the fishing industry flourished. In the 1930s canneries lined the northern shore of the Peninsula, but by the early 1940s, overfishing diminished catches to the point that many of the canneries closed. Conservation efforts eventually led to the creation of the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary. Other protected areas now include Soquel Canyon State Marine Conservation Area, Portuguese Ledge State Marine Conservation Area, Pacific Grove Marine Gardens State Marine Conservation Area, Lovers Point State Marine Reserve, Edward F. Ricketts State Marine Conservation Area and Asilomar State Marine Reserve. Like underwater parks, these marine protected areas help conserve ocean wildlife and marine ecosystems. Read more here and here. Explore more of Cypress Point here: