The Valdez Marine Terminal is located on the southern shore of Port Valdez, a fjord in Prince William Sound about 13 miles (21 km) long, that trends west-east from Valdez Narrows at the head of Valdez Arm to the mouth of the Lowe River, about 124 miles (200 km) east of Anchorage and 3.5 miles (5.6 km) south of the community of Valdez, Alaska. The fjord was named on June 16, 1790, by Don Salvador Fidalgo for the celebrated Spanish naval officer Antonio Valdes y Basan. The name was adopted by Captain George Vancouver and thereafter came into local use. The modern marine terminal was constructed at Swanport that was named in 1898 by Captain E.F. Glenn. Swanport was a historical anchorage at Fort Liscum, aU.S. Army post that operated from 1900 to 1922.
The Valdez Marine Terminal is the southern terminus of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System that starts on Alaska’s North Slope in Prudhoe Bay on the Beaufort Sea. The oil transportation system is one of the world’s largest and includes the trans-Alaska crude-oil pipeline, 11 pump stations, feeder pipelines, and the Valdez Marine Terminal. The main pipeline is privately owned by the Alyeska Pipeline Service Company and is 800 miles (1,287 km) long with a diameter of 48 inches (1.22 m). The pipeline was built between 1975 and 1977, following the 1973 oil crisis that caused a sharp rise in oil prices in the United States and made the exploration of the Prudhoe Bay oil field economically feasible.
The marine terminal was designed for storing and loading crude oil onto tanker ships. There are 14 storage tanks in service, facilities to measure the incoming oil, two functional loading berths, and a power generator. Tanker ships transport the oil from the Valdez Marine Terminal to refineries in Washington and California. Read more here and here. Explore more of the Valdez Marine Terminal here: